History 141: Documents on Romans and Barbarians

Roman Agriculture:

1. Cato on agriculture:


2. Columella on managing a latifundium:

 http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Columella/de_Re_Rustica/1*.html - ref62

Roman Descriptions of the Barbarians:

1. Julius Caesar on the Germans outside the empire, 51 BCE


2. Tacitus on the Germans, 1st Century CE


WomanÕs Roles:

Christian Convent Life: Life of Macrina - 4th c saint


1. Women inheriting: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/475Visisucc.html

2. More inheritance laws http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/450allods.html

3. Laws on legitimate and illegitimate inheritance - Germans:


Servile Status

1. Enslavement


2. Power of masters, 575, Gregory of Tours:


3. Redeeming slaves: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/630Eligius.html

Barbarian Kingdoms and Warfare

1. Merovingian genealogy: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/meroving.gif2.

Conversion of Clovis: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/496clovis.html

Warring Women

1. Fredegund: https://sourcebooks.fordham.edu/basis/gregory-hist.asp

2. Fredegund and Brunhilde: Examples...

Brunhilde. Frankish queen, wife of Sigebert I of the East Frankish kingdom of Austrasia; daughter of Athanagild, the Visigothic king of Spain. After the murder (567) of her sister Galswintha, who was the wife of SigebertÕs brother Chilperic I of the West Frankish kingdom of Neustria, and ChilpericÕs marriage to his mistress Fredegunde, Brunhilda was the major instigator in the war against Neustria. The struggle continued between Brunhilda and Fredegunde after the death (575) of Sigebert and the murder (584) of Chilperic. Throughout the reigns of her son, Childebert II, and of two grandsons, Brunhilda was the actual ruler of Austrasia and of Burgundy, when by her design that country was united with Austrasia after the death (592) of King Guntram. She was endowed with the gifts of a great statesman, but her unscrupulousness in the execution of her plans earned her the fierce hatred of the nobles, whom she nonetheless controlled. She was finally betrayed by them to FredegundeÕs son, Clotaire II of Neustria. He put her to a horrible death.

More warfare and invasion

1. Anglo Saxons in Britain, before 600: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/gildas.html

2. Pillaging by Northmen = Vikings, 9th century: